jueves, 2 de octubre de 2014

The Equator in Ecuador

The Equator is an imaginay line on the globe that is equidistant from the North and South Poles, dividing the Earth into Northern and Southern Hemisphere.

So where does the Equator line cross Ecuador? At latitude 0· of course! (and roughly another 230 km - so almost entire Ecuador is supposed to be considered as being crossed by the Equator). But wehre does this occur in the real, physical world? The exact specification of the Equator is, in fact, somewhat variable and dependent on the chosen mathematical datum. With today`s modern technology, which includes GPS, it has been proven that some of the old sesults were, unfortunate for the discoverers, wrong! Apparently, there have been a number of "Equator line" monuments built in the past, as this one, for example:

The french stated, decades ago, without using GPS, that exactly there would be the Equator line. Which is wrong!

In the Museum, where the Equator is truely passing through, we were part of a guided tour. The tour leads you, firstly, through the three parts of Ecuador: Coast, mountains, and jungle. So we were told for example which kind of plants and animals still live in the local jungles (always nice, if you go the following day or week over there)

They also teach about the practice, how indiginous tribes used to conserve the heads of the ones that passed away. The same procedure they apply for having trophies of the ones they killed in war: The Shrinkhead

Of course there are way more things to see and to do, like balancing on the Equator line, balancing an egg on the top of a nail by using the forces that are outbalancing themselves...